The Supreme Court of India recently emphasised the High Court's responsibility to shield individuals from baseless prosecutions, overturning a judgment by the Allahabad High Court.
Justices Vikram Nath and Ahsanuddin Amanullah stressed the duty of High Courts to protect against unwarranted prosecutions.
In the instant case, where the complainant accused the appellants of house-trespass and theft, the Supreme Court intervened after finding the High Court's order unreasoned. The accused, a husband and wife, claimed the allegations were frivolous and aimed at preventing the husband, who owned the shop, from enjoying his property.
The Court, noting a forged tenancy document, dismissed the case, stating there was no suspicion, let alone strong or grave suspicion, of the appellants' guilt. Consequently, the appellants were discharged after a decade-long trial.